En un Contrato Llave en Mano, el contratista es responsable tanto del diseño como de la construcción de la planta; es decir, realiza todos los trabajos necesarios para la puesta en marcha de la planta por un precio acordado y en un tiempo determinado. No obstante, en la realidad, el constructor tendrá que implicarse activamente en todas las etapas del proyecto. En inglés el término «contrato llave en mano» se traduce como «turnkey contract» y también recibe otras denominaciones como «package contract», «design and build» o «design constructor». En francés se usa la expresión «clé en mains» y en alemán «schlusselffertig». Este tipo de contrato también es conocido internacionalmente por las siglas EPC (Engineering, Procurement and Construction).
Los suministros, la construcción y el montaje, también forman parte de las obligaciones del Contratista. Incluso en la definición más restrictiva de un contrato llave en mano, el contratista es dueño de la construcción de la instalación completa lista para ser operada. Sin embargo, es habitual que el cliente exija al contratista, la contratación de subcontratistas determinados. De esta manera, el cliente trata de asegurarse la calidad de ciertos componentes o negociar directamente el precio con ciertos subcontratistas.

Two-tier programs exist in the minority of affiliate programs; most are simply one-tier. Referral programs beyond two-tier resemble multi-level marketing (MLM) or network marketing but are different: Multi-level marketing (MLM) or network marketing associations tend to have more complex commission requirements/qualifications than standard affiliate programs.[citation needed]
Cost per action/sale methods require that referred visitors do more than visit the advertiser's website before the affiliate receives a commission. The advertiser must convert that visitor first. It is in the best interest of the affiliate to send the most closely targeted traffic to the advertiser as possible to increase the chance of a conversion. The risk and loss are shared between the affiliate and the advertiser.
If the above locations do not yield information pertaining to affiliates, it may be the case that there exists a non-public affiliate program. Utilizing one of the common website correlation methods may provide clues about the affiliate network. The most definitive method for finding this information is to contact the website owner directly if a contact method can be located.
A more complex system, pay per lead affiliate programs compensates the affiliate based on the conversion of leads. The affiliate must persuade the consumer to visit the merchant’s website and complete the desired action — whether it’s filling out a contact form, signing up for a trial of a product, subscribing to a newsletter, or downloading software or files.

The Internet has increased the prominence of affiliate marketing. Amazon popularized the practice by creating an affiliate marketing program whereby websites and bloggers put links to the Amazon page for a reviewed or discussed product to receive advertising fees when a purchase is made. In this sense, affiliate marketing is essentially a pay for performance marketing program where the act of selling is outsourced across a vast network.
Since you’re essentially becoming a freelancer, you get ultimate independence in setting your own goals, redirecting your path when you feel so inclined, choosing the products that interest you, and even determining your own hours. This convenience means you can diversify your portfolio if you like or focus solely on simple and straightforward campaigns. You’ll also be free from company restrictions and regulations as well as ill-performing teams.
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